The Triple Filter Test of Socrates – A Story About Gossip

Posted on Posted in Toán tiếng anh

In ancient Greece, Socrates was widely lauded for his wisdom. One day an acquaintance ran up to him excitedly and said,  “ Socrates, do you know what I just heard about your friend ?”

“Wait a moment,” Socrates replied, “Before you tell me, I’d like you to  pass a little test. It’s called the Triple Filter Test.”

“Triple filter?” asked the acquaintance.

“That’s right,” Socrates continued, “Before you talk to me about  my friend  let’s take a moment to filter what you’re going to say. The  first filter is the filter of Truth. Have you made absolutely sure that what you are about to tell me is true?”
“No,” the man said, “actually I just heard about it.”

“All right,” said Socrates, “So you don’t really know if it’s true or  not.  Now let’s try the second filter, the filter of Goodness. Is what  you are about to tell me about my friend something good?”
“No, on the contrary…”

“So,” Socrates continued, “You want to tell me something about Diogenes  that may be bad, even though you’re not certain it’s true?”
The man shrugged, a little embarrassed.

Socrates continued, “You may still pass the test though, because there  is a third filter, the filter of Usefulness. Is what you want to tell me about my friend going to be useful to me?”
“No, not really.”

“Well,” concluded Socrates, “If what you want to tell me is neither True nor Good nor even Useful, why tell it to me or anyone at all?”

The man was bewildered & ashamed.

CONSIDER THIS

Before you answer a question or voice your opinion, ask yourself:
Is it true?
Is it good?
Is it kind?
Is it useful?
Is it necessary?

If it passes these filters, speak up. If not, either find a tactful way to make it pass or better still, keep it to yourself.

Chú thích :

  • Socrates là một Triết gia Hy Lạp cổ đại , người được mệnh danh là bậc thầy về truy vấn.Socrates còn được coi là người đặt nền móng cho thuật hùng biện dựa trên hệ thống những câu hỏi đối thoại. Ông có tư tưởng tiến bộ, nổi tiếng về đức hạnh với quan điểm: “Hãy tự biết lấy chính mình”, “Tôi chỉ biết mỗi một điều duy nhất là tôi không biết gì cả”
Bức tượng điêu khắc Socrates

 

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